The substratum visualization

Is physics weird at a fundamental level? Does a particle take two paths? Do worlds split? Is both A and not-A true?

We don’t think so. Physics is not weird in the substratum visualization. We develop this approach to Relativity and Quantum Mechanics, from the bottom up. We hope to leave you with strong visuals, intuition, and sanity.

A substratum (“fabric”) simply obeys the equations of GR or QM. We do not claim it being some “deeper reality.” There is no new theory, only visualizations and metaphors of standard theory.

Video lectures (animations)

(For a quick glance, see the animated GIF page.)


Substratum vs. medium vs. interpretation. (video)

Quantum mechanics

(Coming soon)

General relativity

Review from the substratum viewpoint:

  1. What is curvature? In 2 dimensions, it’s a deformation within 2d, or a buckling out into a third dimension. (video)
  2. Curvature in 3 and 4 dimensions, Schwarzschild spacetime. (video)
  3. Slow light, bending light. (video)
  4. Space moves: spinning black hole, Kerr. (video)
  5. Wormholes, time machines. (video)
  6. Space expands: Big Bang, horizons, gravitational waves. (video)

Contentious topics:

  1. Can you fall into a black hole? (video)
  2. Can black holes form? (Coming soon)

Special relativity

  1. Start with the three basic phenomena – length contraction, time dilation, clock desynchronization – and then discover that c is measured to be constant, and that you cannot tell which frame is at absolute rest. (video)